What is Machine Learning Operationalization?
Operationalization may be the newest 18 letter word in AI, but there are specific steps to removing your AI initiative from the silos and putting it into production at scale.
The AI Impediment
Enterprises are rushing to implement AI initiatives, however, only a few projects reach full implementation. This may be due to misinterpretations in what AI actually means or the insufficient funds, but the market lacks a scalable, practical process to implement machine learning. Like all industries, this one is undergoing a period of necessary expansion.
The transition from academics about ML to the actual implementation of it is challenging. There’s a wall between the data science experts and the technology used to create ML initiatives and the execution or economics of the projects. The months pass by, the process of building, tweaking, and experimenting and then your customers are becoming impatient, believing that the end product will never show up.
Unfortunately, your data science team might not have a good understanding of the real-world IT processes that take place in business. There are legal considerations and compliance issues with data architecture, stakeholders or other components that aren’t in the loop with your data science and it’s gumming up your works.
Challenges of ML Development and Deployment:
• The dissonance between what scientists believe is the main purpose of ML models for business, and the actual point of the model is a clear difficulty.
• The silos that exist between departments within your ML initiatives have made deployment nearly impossible.
• Fear surrounding the ML product keeps your production team from using what your data science team creates.
• There is no way to know who is doing what.
MLOPs: Automating the Product Lifecycle
There are five core elements to the operationalization of your AI production models. These operate in a continuous loop, each one informing the next for continuous deployment:
• Continuous integration (marginal model and incremental models)
• ML orchestration (all models will come with two or more pipelines, and the majority will have are more)
• ML health (qualitative aspects of the models)
• The Business Impact (compared with your own KPIs)
• Model Governance (make it prominent and central)
It’s not easy to choose when to launch a dedicated platform for the implementation of your ML initiatives. Implementation of models can be much easier with the right platform, however choosing when and how to pick one could be challenging.
Do I need one?
Deciding to get a platform will depend on a few logistics. Ask yourself these questions:
• Have you designed a ton of models, but none are in production?
• Is there a breakdown between data scientists and Ops when an algorithm “doesn’t work”?
• Do you want your data science team to drive models to production but they aren’t sure what to do?
• Are you putting up your most talented models for managing instead of designing new models?
If you answered yes to any of these, a platform is in your future.
What To Look For
You’ll require a lot of customization to your platform in order to permit the top data science talent to operate. On the other hand, this shouldn’t make life more difficult. Simple package management using reuse components helps avoid overloading with code-related issues.
You should be able to customize the health triggers you’re using for your models, which will allow your team members to understand what’s working and what’s not. As a result visualization of these metrics can help you democratize your AI initiative and aids in breaking down the silos.
Automated timeline captures to make sure that the documentation is in place and available for review. Logs download should be easy and everyone will be able to obtain all the data without having to deal with the red tape of Ops.
Finally, automated timeline captures ensure your documentation is in place and ready for evaluation. Downloading logs should be simple, and anyone should be able to get all the details without having to go through red tape in Ops.
What about Architecture?
Think of architecture as an abstraction layer between your initiative and your production. The architecture feeds data from your models into the upline software designed to store and run your models i.e. the location from which you’re getting your data and the way you’re storing it. The upline must be easily accessible since there’s no guarantee that one product will have all the features you require to build your models.
You must ensure that you have streamlined the process by understanding which tools are helping to make your modelling and deployment feasible and accessible to all members of your team. This is a custom solution based on the products you already have, the ones the data analysts are acquainted with, as well as the features you require for your pipeline. Your architecture may not look like your competitor’s, but if it’s fulfilling those model health initiatives, it’s the right one for you.
MLOps at Scale
Scaling up production is essential for the advancement of technology. Business sponsorship should be able to draw individuals to go through the process and involve all the relevant stakeholders. It’s often the first time everyone’s together to discuss issues, however, it’s important to bring all your team members in data science involved and also the business part of the equation. Take the time to bring your team together and integrate management across departments so that everyone can access the model and its deployment.